Steps to Implement Laravel Many to Many Relationship

Steps to Implement Laravel Many to Many Relationship

Laravel, a popular PHP framework, makes it easy to develop robust and scalable web applications. One of its key features is the ability to define relationships between database tables, including many-to-many relationships. In this blog post, we’ll walk through the steps to create a laravel many to many relationship using migrations.

Implement Laravel Many to Many Relationship Using Migrations


Before you start, make sure you have Laravel installed on your machine. If not, you can install it by following the instructions on the official Laravel documentation (

Step 1: Set up Models

Firstly, create the two models that will be part of the many-to-many relationship. For example, let’s consider a scenario where we have “users” and “roles.” Run the following commands to generate the models:

php artisan make:model User
php artisan make:model Role

Step 2: Create Migration for Pivot Table

To represent the many-to-many relationship, you’ll need a pivot table. Create a migration for the pivot table using the following command:

php artisan make:migration create_role_user_table

In the generated migration file, define the columns needed for the pivot table. Typically, it will have foreign keys to both related tables, as well as any additional information you want to store.

// database/migrations/YYYY_MM_DD_create_role_user_table.php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateRoleUserTable extends Migration
public function up()
Schema::create(‘role_user’, function (Blueprint $table) {
// Add any additional columns as needed


public function down()

Step 3: Run Migrations

Now, run the migrations to create the necessary tables in the database:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: Define Relationships in Models

In the User and Role models, define the many-to-many relationship by adding the `belongsToMany` method.

// app/User.php

class User extends Authenticatable
public function roles()
return $this->belongsToMany(Role::class);

// app/Role.php

class Role extends Model
public function users()
return $this->belongsToMany(User::class);

Step 5: Utilize the Relationship

You can now use the defined relationship methods in your code to easily retrieve related data.

// Example usage

$user = User::find(1);
$roles = $user->roles;

foreach ($roles as $role) {
echo $role->name;


Creating Laravel many to many relationships using migrations is a straightforward process, thanks to the framework’s powerful migration and eloquent ORM features. By following these steps shared by hire tech firms, you can efficiently model and manage complex relationships in your Laravel applications.